Accessibility Tools

DEVELOPMENT OF Α PROTOTYPE FOR SMART VISUALIZATION OF INVISIBLE ANTIQUITIES

The project aims at the experimental development and implementation of an innovative system in real-time conditions, which will allow the enhanced presentation - visualization of invisible monuments and finds unearthed during archaeological excavations and subsequently covered. The antiquities may rest in backfilled trenches at an open archaeological site or covered by standing structures such as metro stations. Through the use of modern technology and tools, it will be possible for visitors of these sites to see the invisible antiquities on the screen of a portable device as they move and to sense the "cultural experience".
Application Mockup
The combination of positioning technologies (GPS), augmented and virtual reality (AR / VR) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) will allow the visitor to observe and navigate archaeological structures, which are not visible today.

Project Work Packages (WP) and Deliverables (D)

  • D1.1: System Analysis / Design
  • D1.2: Data Standardization
  • D2.1.1: Available Data
  • D2.1.2: New Data
  • D2.2: Final Information
  • D2.3: Website and Social Media
  • D3.1.1: Security and data management unit
  • D3.1.2: GIS Server, spatial database and support interfaces
  • D3.2.1: Content Management System
  • D3.2.2: Augmented reality algorithms and interfaces
  • D3.2.3: Positioning system
  • D3.2.4: Application
  • D4.1: 1st Evaluation
  • D4.2: Publications
  • D5.1: Results of corrective actions
  • D5.2: 2nd evaluation
  • D5.3: Conference
  • D6.1: Results of corrective actions
  • D6.2: 3rd evaluation
  • D6.3: Results of corrective actions
  • D6.4.1: Publications
  • D6.4.2: Workshop
  • D6.5: Business Plan and Commercial Operation Agreement

National Action:

Special Actions "Aquaculture" - "Industrial Materials" - "Open Innovation in Culture" 

"COMPETITIVENESS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP & INNOVATION" (EPAnEK)

Special Service for Management and Implementation of Actions in the fields of Research, Technological Development and Innovation

Project Code: Τ6ΥΒΠ-00023 (MIS 5056205)

Scientific Responsible and Coordinator of the project:

Dimitrios Kaimaris,
Associate Professor, School of Spatial Planning and Development
Faculty of Engineering
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Study Areas:

Archaeological site of Toumpa, Thessaloniki

The artificial hill, with a height of 23 m., located a few hundred meters north of the PAOK stadium, hidden today from the apartment buildings, used to dominate the entire city.

Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
The Archaeological site as seen from the air (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)
The hill was inhabited from 2000 to 300 BC., when it was abandoned due to the founding of Thessaloniki. During the Byzantine period part of the peak was used as a cemetery.
Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
Burial of an adult from the cemetery of the Byzantine period at the top of the hill of Toumpa Thessaloniki (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)

The research in the hill began in 1984 by the Department of Archeology of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and continues to this day. The settlement was the largest settlement in the area of ​​Thermaikos Gulf and in Macedonia during the late Bronze Age (ca. 1700-1000 BC). A second low and flat hill, which is not visible today, represented the expansion of the settlement around the hill from 1000 BC. until about 300 BC. The cemetery of this period spread further south. This newer settlement and the cemetery were excavated by the 16th EPCA.

The height of the hill is due to the successive archaeological layers which include houses with brick walls and remnants of the various activities of the inhabitants and accumulated at the same place in the 1800 years of the site. Responsible for the formation of the hill was the habit of the inhabitants of the area during the Late Bronze Age to rebuild their new houses in the same place as their ancestors, building on the older brick walls without leveling. This process led to the raising of the level of habitation after each reconstruction and resulted in the creation of the high hill we see today.

Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
View of the residential remains at the top of Toumpa Thessaloniki (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)
The researches of AUTh have revealed at the highest points of the hill, parts of large, brick, rectangular houses. An imposing, earthen wall surrounded the lower settlement. The building was very dense and there were narrow streets between the houses.
Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
Top view of the University excavation site of Toumpa Thessaloniki (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)
The buildings retain a significant part of their equipment, offering rich evidence for the life and activities of the inhabitants, such as agriculture and animal husbandry, cooking and food consumption, winemaking, textiles, the production of "purple" paint, construction of artifacts made of copper, gold, stone, bone and other materials as well as information on product exchanges with regions of the Aegean and Europe. Finally, the habit of burying their dead in unstructured areas inside the settlement is interesting.
Πυθάρια
Αποκάλυψη Ταφής
The fact that all the architectures that have been revealed are made of bricks, which have not been baked by chance or by any catastrophic fire, makes them extremely sensitive to atmospheric changes.
As to date no suitable material has been found internationally for the effective fastening, maintenance and protection of structures from raw bricks, such as those of Toumba, prevents the conversion of the site into a visitable archaeological site.
After discussions with conservation experts, the excavation has led to the decision to propose the excavation of the dugouts and the registration of the antiquities, where the research has been completed.
At the same time, given that the artificial hill itself is a very important monument of prehistory and the ancient history of the area before the founding of Thessaloniki, it is suggested that it be mildly turned into an archeological park where it is possible to visit the (buried) Remains of the prehistoric and ancient settlement that have been discovered so far with the help of modern digital technology.
In the framework of the Smart Eye program, the system of highlighting the covered antiquities will be tested in two areas of the university excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki, in the area of ​​building B and in the area of ​​N. sector.
Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
Residential remains from Building B at the top of the hill of Toumpa Thessaloniki (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)
Αρχαιολογικός χώρος Τούμπας Θεσσαλονίκης
Residential remains from the northern sector of the excavation at the top of the hill of Toumpa Thessaloniki (© Excavation of Toumpa Thessaloniki AUTh)
Archaeological site of Thermi
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